WHAT IS OR WHO IS AGOFE IN LADO KINGDOM ?
DERIVATION OF THE TERM AGOFE
The Defination term of AGOFE derives from Lugbari or Lugbara Language of Lado and is the Highest and a Noble Legal Title equivalent of a King or Chief of State which was and is still vested in the Person Ruler of Lado Kingdom since from 847 a.d through 1772 when Lado had its Constitution drawn on 9th May 1772 till todate 3000 a.d .
The Agofe as a King defended the Nation States of Lado Kingdom through the Arabs and European Colonisation Periods and till todate , and this Title has been mantained of a Legal Official use in the Lugbari or Lugbara Nation - Tribe Society and in all other 29 Nation - Tribes Societies of Lado Kingdom in Africa . The Title is in use for more than 14 Generations now , that is including the present ruling AGOFE of today , His Majesty CULU John Bart Agami Onzima II in the Political History of Lugbari and Lado Political Affairs to the present time . The Agofe at present himself is a Lugbari or Lugbara Tribe .
The AGOFE in short , brief to say , is not a Cultural Leader only for the Lugbari tribe as stated or known in Uganda or recognised by the Uganda Government as such
- cf : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agofe
Before we see how the Term Agofe came to be introduced , lets take a look briefly as to who are the Lugbari or Lugbara People in the Kingdom State of Lado in Sudan Central Africa .
The Lugbari people and as a Nation Identity came around by the lime lights of its heroes : Jaki Lolo , Dribidu Tere and Sambala Naiga who have been the Three Hero-Founders of the Lugbari Nation at the Foot Mountain of Mt. Rejaf in todays South Sudan . The Lugbari people are generally considered or are the descendants of the Moru and Madi tribes . Other important Mountain areas of Lugbara are :
1. Mt. Luku , where Hero Sambala died and was buried ,
2. Mt. Iti , where Dribidu Tere , Aneclata Atabua , Lemiro and Ayingani died and were buried , in todays Uganda
3. Mt. Liru , where Jaki Lolo died and was buried , in todays Uganda too .
One thing is uncertain and that is about the Lugbari history where they are told lies every second and in their book writings by the European Colonialists and especially by Britain and the people of Uganda about the Tribe Nation Identity of the Lugbari Identity Issues . The Noble Lie Elitists are very adamant about this idea of their noble lie ; the use of their lie to attain a " positive goal " . In their view , average citizens in Lado lack the capacity to understand the Bigger Political and Social picture , so must be lied to in order to make then ( Ladoans ) do what is best for themselves. Of course , their vision of what is best for the Ladoans culture always seems to include first and foremost what is best for them . This Noble lie is a logical fallacy of epic proportions , and One often wonders if global elitists secretly doubt its legitimacy . If you need to lie to people in order to get them to accept your ideas , then there must be something terrible wrong with your ideas . Ideas with vitality and honesty do not need to be sold to the public through chicanery ; the truth takes on a life of its own . Only destructive philosophies need a foundation of lies in order to take root . The Defination of Agofe is not as is presented so by the Government of Uganda . And right now , the Ladoans are working discretely with all their might to wrest this mysterious force being used to destroy the immage of the AGOFE of the Kingdom State of Lado . Even Insects do have history - What of the Lugbari and their Contribution to their State Kingdom – Lado Kingdom in Sudan Central Africa ?
Not to Forget !
The Kingdom-State of Lado came about from the 13th and 14th Centuaries in the period of Re-organisation of the Region ( Central Africa ) based on the Tribal Philosophy in order to ensure a proper care and a better Social Services to the People consisting of the The 29 Tribes of Lado Re-organised and are existing till todate with their Affiliation to the State Kingdom of Lado . The History and the Lado Constitution of 1772 under the Office of His Majesty AGOFE of the Kingdom State of Lado as a National Entity Kingdom in Central Africa dates back to 9 May 847 a.d , though the name and the People contained in the Present 29 Nation-Tribes of Lado can be traced back to around 700 b.c .
The Lado Constitution was passed on 9 May 1772 , after the 60-year War with the Arab Slave traders and gave Executive Powers to the Agofe to defend the Kingdom of Lado . The Constitution also gave institutional powers to women in particular , where women of Lado held and hold onto running too , till todate , of the Official duties of the State Kingdom of Lado .
BRIEFLY : ABOUT THE STRUCTURE OF THE OFFICE OF THE AGOFE
The Office of the Agofe in the Kingdom State or KAARI of Lado is THE GREEN BUREAU
The Exercise of Power Under the AGOFE of LADO KINGDOM is divided under ORIJORU -TI or Dicastries , and in order to prevent any Abuse of Power or Excesses in the whole Structure of the State of Lado , three Controlling Bodies of Government , were established by the Constitution of Lado , namely :
1. The Legislative Council / or Joroti in Lugbara - Lado Language ,
2. The Executive Council / or Okurujoti in Lugbara – Lado Language ,
3. The Judicial Council / or Liimati in Lugbara - Lado Language .
Each Dicastry or Orijoru-ti in Lugbara Language is headed by the Coordinator of State who is assisted by the Secretary of State . Each Dicastry has five Directorates each headed by the Director General who is assisted by the Under Secretary of State . Each Directorate is then divided into Departments which are headed by Directors who are assisted by Assistant Secretaries of State.All other Affairs of the State are handled by the Lado Civil Service Staff who are selected in accordance with their Skills , Professional Qualities and Merits . Responsible for the Employment , Promotions and Pensions is the Lado Civil Service Commission , which is placed directly under the Prime Minister ( Keego ) . The Commission is also responsible for the Employment and the Recruitment of the Military and Diplomatic Service Staff of Lado .
In the event that any of the People in the Top Hierarchy of State should be engaged in the Abuse of Power against the State and against the Citizens of Lado , be guilty of Misdemeanours or Treason , they will be Impeached .That applies to those who hold the Offices of the State , such as the Prime Minister , the Governor , the Coordinator of State , the State Secretary , the Judges , the Ambassadors and other State Holders of Lado Kingdom . As one of the Fundamental Rights of the Citizens of Lado , according to Lado Constitution , the Lado Political System allows for the Freedom of Expression , the Freedom of Assembly and the Freedom of Association , both in Political and Non-Political Organisations , such as Political Parties , Interest Groups , Pressure Groups , etc... etc..... . The future of the Kingdom State of Lado for any changes to do lies within the wishes of the Citizens of Lado in the Constitution Reviews to do so by the Referendum they will do for it .
LIST OF THE EUROPEAN AND UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FOREIGN GOVERNOR GENERALS AND TOP MILITARY COMMANDANTS IN OCCUPIED LADO KINGDOM
BRITISH NATIONAL GOVERNOR GENERALS :
26 May 1871 : Major General Sir Samuel White Baker became the first Governor General to Rule Lado for the Khedive of Ottoman Empire.
1873 : General Charles . G . Gordon took over from Sir Samuel White Baker but stayed at Khartum in Sudan without stepping in Lado .
1914 : A Senior Police Officer Arthur Evelyn Weatherhead became representing the British Interests in West Nile / Lado through Uganda . He ( Weatherhead )waged continual wars against the Lugbari of Lado for fighting the British in Lado area c.f : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A.E._Weatherhead or read about the Quotes notes about him :
" A.E. Weatherhead was a British colonial administrator who served in South Africa, Uganda and the Seychelles. Arthur Evelyn Weatherhead became the first District Commissioner of West Nile District. In 1914, the Southern portion of the Lado Enclave was assigned from Belgium to Uganda under the British Protectorate. Weatherhead took over the administration of the 'New Area' and built a station in Arua, the present headquarters. He drew the first plan of Arua Town. Locally, Weatherhead was nicknamed Njerekede/ Ejerikedi (a brave honest man they could trust and who trusted them). A road in Arua is named after him, that is the Weatherhead Park Lane. It starts from the Main Roundabout adjacent to the Golf Course and extends east towards the Presidential Suite in Anyafio Village. He waged continual war against Lugbara groups in an attempt to impose British Colonial Rule. He referred to the Lugbara as “wild and unattractable”, and as “shy and unorganized”, requiring “severe measures before submitting to administration”. Following the British policy of indirect rule, he used the chiefs appointed by the Belgians for administration and control . "
ITALIAN NATIONAL APPOINTED DEPUTY GOVERNOR GENERAL
1873 : Captain Romolo Gessi ( became the Right hand side of as a Vice-Roy to General Charles Gordon in Lado as Gordon apparently refused to Stay and and step in Lado ).
A GERMAN - PRUSSIAN NATIONAL GOVERNOR GENERAL
1878 : Dr Eduard Schnitzer nick named or took out to be known as or called Emin Pasha as he turned out to be a Moslem became the Governor General of Lado and was the luckiest to have ruled for 10 years for the Khedive of the Ottoman .
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - ( USA ) NATIONAL GOVERNOR GENERALS
1876 -1878 : The two Governor Generals were : Colonel Henry . G . Prost and Colonel Alexandra . A . Manson .
BELGIUM NATIONAL GOVERNOR GENERALS
Belgium Top Commandants and Governor Generals stationed at Uele and at Capital town in Lado :
17 Feb 1897 - Nov 1897 : Louis Napoléon Chaltin (1st time ) ,
Nov 1897 - 15 Dec 1898 : Léon Charles Edouard Hanolet ( 1st time ) ,
15 Dec 1898 - 1 May 1900 : Jean Baptiste Josué Henry de la Lindi ,
1899 - 1900 : Gustave Ferdinand Joseph Renier ,
1 May 1900 - Mar 1902 : Louis Napoléon Chaltin (2nd time) ,
Mar 1902 - Jan 1903 : Léon Charles Edouard Hanolet ( 2nd time ) ,
1900 - Jan 1903 : Gustave Ferdinand Joseph Renier ,
Jan 1903 - 24 Mar 1904 : Georges François Wtterwulghe ,
Jan 1903 - Aug 1903 : Albéric Constantin Édouard Bruneel ,
Aug 1903 - Mar 1905 : Henri Laurent Serexhe ,
24 Mar 1904 - 1904 : Florian Alexandre François Wacquez ( acting for Wtterwulghe to 8 May 1904 ) ,
1904 - May 1907 : Ferdinand, baron de Rennette de Villers-Perwin ( acting to Aug 1906 ) ,
Mar 1905 - Jan 1908 : Guillaume Léopold Olaerts ,
Jan 1908 - Apr 1909 : Léon Néstor Preud'homme ,
Apr 1909 - 1910 : Alexis Bertrand ,
1910 - Jun 1910 : Charles Eugène Édouard de Meulenaer .
And Compare this Situation of the Governor Generals of Uganda only from , of one Source - from Britain only as an example commonly of the Foreign Governor Generals in Africa to which the Countries , the Europeans easily gave them Independences . LADO IS REALLY UNIQUE IN AFRICA FOR HER INDEPENDENCE THEN !
N.B : for Uganda the only ones from Britain - " THE LIST OF THE BRITISH COMMISSIONERS AND GOVERNOR GENERALS IN UGANDA " :
The Commissioners of Uganda , 1893–1910
1 Apr 1893 – 30 May 1893 : Sir Gerald Herbert Portal ,
30 May 1893 – 4 Nov 1893 (acting) : James Ronald Leslie MacDonald ,
4 Nov 1893 – 10 May 1894 : Sir Henry Edward Colville ,
10 May 1894 – 24 Aug 1894 (acting) : Frederick Jackson ,
24 Aug 1894 – Dec 1899 : Ernest James Berkeley ,
Dec 1899 – Nov 1901 : Sir Harry Hamilton Johnston ,
Nov 1901 – 20 Nov 1907 : Sir James Hayes Sadler ,
20 Nov 1907 – 31 Jan 1910 : Sir Henry Hesketh Joudou Bell ,
1 Feb 1910 – 18 Oct 1910 : Sir Harry Edward Spiller Cordeaux .
The Governors of Uganda, 1910–1962
1910 - 1911 : Sir Harry Cordeaux ; 1910 – 1911 (also Commissioner in early 1910 ) ,
1911 - 1918 : Sir Frederick Jackson ,
1918 - 1922 : Sir Robert Coryndon ,
1922 – 1925 : Sir Geoffrey Archer ,
1925 – 1932 : Sir William Gowers ,
1932 - 1935 : Sir Bernard Henry Bourdillon ,
1935 - 1940 : Sir Philip Mitchell ,
1940 - 1945 : Sir Charles Dundas ,
1945 - 1952 : Sir John Hathorn Hall ,
1952 - 1957 : Sir Andrew Cohen ,
1957 - 1961 : Sir Frederick Crawford ,
1961 - 1963 : Sir Walter Coutts: 1961 – 1962 (also Governor-General until 1963).
Source of References :
Lado News : http://www.npi-news.dk/page37.htm
Lado Enclave : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lado_Enclave
South - West of Lado ceded to Uganda thus illegally becoming as West Nile : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A.E._Weatherhead
Book Reading reference informations on Lado : '' Equatoria : The Lado Enclave ( General Studies Series ) '' by C. H. Stigand ( AUTHOR )
Writer AUTHOR :
Ronald Okuonzi Lulua - N.C
Senior Government Officer
Provisional Government in Exile
State Kingdom of Lado
GREEN BUREAU / GRB
KAARI / KINGDOM OF LADO
HEART OF AFRICA
ORIJORU = means Parliament in Lado Kingdom
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