peace and hotep,
have you ever noticed how easy it is for 'white' ones to refer to Africans in the amoricas as descended of 'slaves' as opposed to descended of 'captives'?
these same ones determined that we would be negro, colored, black and/or african. yet no ones ever secured a determination of whether ini are 'captive' , 'enslaved' or 'slave'.
all codified thought speech and action against ini. meanwhile forget about an African presence in the amoricas prior to columbo.
when you state:
"This board is but a microcosm of the issues that face us as a people.
Divide and conquer is a Semitic ideology that Europeans adopted NOT originated."
you remind me of the time that i was 'tossed' from a NAACP forum.......it helped me over/inner/understand more about the Hyksos and their relationship 'withe' the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
yeah.....colour me funky.
"The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, usually abbreviated as NAACP and pronounced N-double-A-C-P, is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States. Its mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination". Its name, retained in accord with tradition, is one of the last surviving uses of the term colored people.
The NAACP bestows the annual Image Awards for achievement in the arts and entertainment, and the annual Spingarn Medals for outstanding positive achievement of any kind, on deserving black Americans.
Joel Elias Spingarn (May 17, 1875 - July 26, 1939) was an American educator, literary critic and civic activist.
Spingarn was born in New York City and was professor of comparative literature at Columbia University from 1899 to 1911. He was dimissed by the President of the University after offering a resolution in support of Harry Thurston Peck, a Columbia professor who had been recently dismissed over a scandal involving a breach-of-promise suit and possible adultery. In 1919 Spingarn was a co-founder of the publishing firm of Harcourt, Brace and Company, and he was to write such works as A History Of Literary Criticism In The Renaissance, Creative Criticism And Other Essays.
Spingarn was an influential liberal Republican who helped settle a dispute between W.E.B. DuBois, whom he'd known at Harvard, and the followers of Booker T. Washington. He helped realize the concept of a unified black movement through the founding of the NAACP, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and was one of the first Jewish leaders of the NAACP, its second president, and chairman of its board from 1913 until his death.
In 1913 he established the Spingarn Medal, awarded annually for outstanding achievement by an African American. He encouraged the works of African American writers during the Harlem Renaissance, a period of intense black literary activity in the 1920s.
.......Colored (also coloured in Canadian spelling) is a North American euphemism once widely regarded as a description of black people (i.e., persons of sub-Saharan African ancestry; members of the "Black race"). It should not be confused with the more recent term people of color, which attempts to describe all "non-white peoples", not just blacks."
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