Re: THE HIDDEN KINGDOM OF AFRICA " KINGDOM OF LADO
Posted By: lado In Response To: Re: THE HIDDEN KINGDOM OF AFRICA " KINGDOM OF LADO (lado)
Date: Thursday, 9 November 2006, at 8:40 a.m.
In Response To: Re: THE HIDDEN KINGDOM OF AFRICA " KINGDOM OF LADO (lado)
THE BREEZE OF LADO - continues from last thread ---
PARTITION OF LADO BY BRITAIN AND LADO'S CONTINOUS STRUGGLE
FOR FREEDOM -----
The geographical area of Lado is located at the " White Nile " in the Nile - Congo Watershed Region , which also shares borders with Sudan, Central African Republic D R Congo, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia . But if you check your World maps, Lado is not found. The reason being that the West and the Europeans have pulled out Lado from the maps
by stretching out the Lado country to Sudan, Uganda, the Congo and the Central African Republic countries .This prerogative objective was a master mind complot and finally
to result as a conquest and totally destruction of Lado as a people and Land . Done this from 1910 - 1914 , Britain and Lado entered into a military war battle with Lado which
lasted for 5 years from 1914 - 1919 . The war came to a stop as peace agreement ( Truce ) was reached and signed by Britain and Lado in 1920 .
A Senior Police High Commissioner in South Africa Mr E. Weatherhead , who indeed participated in the Lugbari ( Lado ) British War from 1914-1919, was the British envoy sent to Odupi in Lado to sign this agreement on belhaf of the British Crown .The British on the diplomatic character honoured to respect the existence of the State of Lado . The Agofe / King of Lado signed the peace agreement for Lado .
As a legitimate recognition , the Agofe ( King ) of Lado was awarded the Merit of the highest Order in Council of the Queen ( The title O M. ) Mr E . Witherhead in turn was appointed then Governor General to represent the British Crown to Lado with Headquarters in the Capital of Lado , Arua. . One of the Cardinal out come of this truce was to prepare an understandable future diplomatic relations to be estabished between Britain and Lado and to
find meaningful terms on the Water uses in question and particularly the uses of the water flows of the White - Nile river.( The Nile - Water diplomacy ) , as put it , " who controlls the entire Nile - Valley water flows from the source up to Egypt Nile delta , controlls Egypt " .
Britain being quite aware and till todate tried and tries to push out any other foreign powers to establish and exercise any rule authority directly or indirectly over the Land territories through which the Nile - water flows .. Just look look at maps , and you will find out that the
bulk of the source of the Nile flow is the bolt - hold of the source by Lake Ombizako which the British named Lake Albert . Lado is the strategic Land to be under the supervision of Britain as she had already secreetly occupied Egypt in 1882 .The other Western foreign powers of the world had to be pushed away from occupying Lado . By war or not Britain must take Lado as a possession under the Crown of Britain . This is the leading chapter to the European and Western major conflict over Lado . For the best reasons known only to the Western European history writers , it is hard to find the name Lado being used in
their writings . Lado is vaguely refered to as Side territory , That Area of Central Africa , and of course widely in use now , Lado is hidden under the collective term name of the Great Lake regions of Central Africa to suit the cause and the corse of events of the wars in
Central Africa of which Lado is the heart . Lado and its history must not be known .
WITH SUCH REMARKS HISTORY :
" King Leopoldo of Belgium , Head of the Free State of the Congo considered the Sudan territory of Side ( also known by the sweat Leopoldiano ) like part of his territory. When
in 1881 the revolt of the Mahdi made loose to Egypt the control of Sweat, diverse Leopoldo sent to Side , expeditions and settled down a position in Lado . Agreements with Great Britain ( 12 of May and 14 of August of 1894 ) recognized the temporary possession to him of the territory called formally Side Enclave , separated from the province of Bahr el Ghazal.
The agreement was modified the 9 of May of 1906 having delimited the sphere of influence of both States in the Nile and Tanganyka Lake. Certain territories of the sphere of British influence were left into the hands of the Free State of the Congo. The territory mentioned has " the Eastern border is the Nile ) , the western one is the Nile-bassin, the border of the North is a horizontal line through Fashoda, and the one of the South is the German
Eastern Africa. While this territory remains in being of the Free State of the Congo , it will have a special flag " The territory within the agreement was divided in two zones by the line of the 30 degrees : the western one would always belong to the Sovereigns of the Free State of the Congo and the Eastern one would be rented to the Sovereign and would return to British Sovereignty after the death of Leopoldo II. After protests of France to Leopoldo II , it
was agreed in turn that the territory to the East of the line of the 30 degrees was reduced to 15,000 miles square. This territory became the Enclave of Side ( although it was not an enclave ) , a seperate administration was established in the city of Side , Capital Lado . Great Britain in her pretext protested soon by the bad administration of the Territory by the Belgian King Leopoldo II . King Leopoldo made as a donation the Congo Free State to Belgium, thus becoming a Colony ( The Belgian Congo ) in 1908. Leopoldo II died in 1909 and the unclear illegal adopted term of renting territory side to the King up to 1910 seized to exist thus reverting it to Britain . "
Britain in her treacherous acts to destroy Lado decided on her own with war campaigns against any of the Western powers who dared to enter into Lado Affairs , partitioned
then , most of the Territory Land Enclave ( Lado ) , incorporting it into the State of Sudan , except for a portion of the South - west that was ceded to Uganda and part of South - east was left to be Belgium colony .
Britain pretends and forgets , in the legal concensus , that Lado is a property of Lado people but not a possession as such for rents ( York of colonisation ) . No single Lado
person has at any one time signed with no any foreign power and not even with Britain herself to give the right of ownership of Lado territory to foreign rule .
What today is talked of Southern Sudan , is a secreet move to see that the part of North Lado region remains attached to the southern part of the Sudan State This really part of the south of State of Sudan lies deep in the Sudan State 5° 30 mins parallel of latitude above the northen limit boarder of Lado . " It is worth to know that there is a big difference between the name Sudan and the State of Sudan "
Rising of the Morden State of Sudan and its implication on Lado
Before , Sudan State was known as Mahdi State not until 2nd september 1898 . The Mahdi State was militarily defeated by the combined forces of Britain and the Egyptian forces thus becoming later to be known , the Anglo - Egyptian Sudan State in 1899 . Both Egypt and Britain decided in 1955 to give independence to this territory becoming The State of Sudan in a streatch of Land with its Southern parts boardering with the north limit boarder of Lado
State . ( c . f - Lugbari ( Lado ) / Belgium convention of 28th September 1892 )
THE PEOPLE AND POPULATION OF LADO .
The population of Lado is estimated at 7 million souls It is composed of mainly Sudanics who are are divided into 29 ethnic - tribe groups ( Lugbari , Madi - Moru , Bari , Kaliko , Logo , Kebu - Ndu , Lendu , Avukaya , Gimara , Azande , Makaraka , Kuku , Gbaka and etc .......... The Alur - Jonam are the only non - Sudanic ethnic . They are a Luo ethnic . The languages spoken in Lado are Lua , Lue , Lui , Luu and Luo tribes with afflilliation to the State of Lado . Specifically the spoken Lui language is understandable to all for communications .
DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF LADO .
The Sudanic population of Lado was located in this region year 700 b.c From that date up to the first of the 19th centuary ( 1850 ) the history of Lado took place among its ethnic groups , apart from the slave trade which had consequences on its administrative organisations . Half of the 19th centuary , especially from 1870 on - wards , the Sudanic population had to face foreign interference and invasions from the Arab and European colonialists , thus leading Sudanics to fight unending wars against these foreign invaders . And the wars against colonialists are still being fought till todate .
1887 : On 29 April , Paris treaty betwwen France and Belgium was concluded about the frontiers between the Congo - Leopoldville , Lado and the French Equatoria Africa Congo
- Brazzaville , Central African Republic and Chad .
1890 : On 24 May a treaty ( sometimes refered to as Macknnon treaty ) was signed betwwen Britain and Belgium recognising the frontier betwwen Lado and British Spheres
of influence to the east of the River Nile .
1892 : From 1879 to 1889 Lado was held out in a ten years of war against Belgium to defend its Sovereignity . The war ended with peace treaty of Wadelai ( Lado ) of 28th
September1892 between Lado and Belgium . Lado never recognised the Belgium Crown over her ( Lado ) Sovereignity .
1894 May : The Brussels treaty of 12 May 1894 was signed and for the first time , the term Lado Enclave figured out . Lado enclave was to be for linking all the possessions of
the British Crown from Cape Town in South Africa to Cairo in Egypt .
1894 June : The Brussels treaty of 12 May 1894 was denounced by the Belgium - British declaration of 22 June in favour of Germany .
1894 August : The Brussels treaty of 12 May was again denounced by the treaty of Paris of 14 , 1894 between France and Belgium .
1899 : France disengaged herself from the problems of Lado thruogh the Cairo treaty of 21 March 1899 , between Britain and France which was concurrently signed in Cairo ( Egypt
) and in London ( Britain ) by the French Ambassador Paul Gabon and the British Lord Salsbury . This treaty sanctioned the French to withdraw from the Nile Valley Conflict .
1904 : The treaty of the 8th April . 1904 between France and Britain : France undertook a commitment before Britain to adopt a neutral attitude over the question of Lado , meaning that when Britain is in war with Lado , France was not to help her against Britain in return for the British withdrawl from Moroco in favour of France .
1906 : Britain concluded another treaty , Treaty of London with Belgium on 9th May 1906 to obtain Belgium cooperation as a fellow Europeans to colonise Lado . In December 1906
a similar agrement was reached with Italy and succesfully with Portugal , Spain and Germany all in all forcing these countries not to come into military help , assistance and
not to trade with Lado .
1907 : In the same manner , in 1907 , Britain reached another agreement with Russia to obtain the Russian abstaintion from assisting Lado when at war with Britain in exchange for Iran which was important to Russia ( cf . - Arua treaty between Lugbari and Russia for mutual cooperation . ) .
1920 : From 1914 - 1919 , War broke up between Britain and Lado which in history is know as Lugbari - British war . It was fought for 5 years and ended in 1920 with the peace treaty signed at Odupi in Lado . There has been no treaty signed by Lado for recognition of the British Crown till todate .
1936 : From then 1926 there has been always tension between British occupant and Lado and again war broke out into the Kakua - kajo - keji war of between 1931 - 1936 . The war
did not end until the United States ( U . S . A ) intervention by President Franklin D . Rooesvert in 1936 .
1947 : The question of the colonisation of Lado was raised in the United Nations Organisation ( UNO ) - Trusteeship Council which the British wished to discuss with Uganda by the USSR . The citizens of Lado asked for freedom .
1948 : On the April of 1948 , the Keego / Prime Minister of Lado was assassinated by the British Colonial Authorities when he was to travel to UN for talks on Lado . From that time up to now Britain does every thing to keep Lado as her Possession ( Occupied Territory ) . Punishes any body who dares to use the name Lado .
1951 : The assassination death of the Prime Minister of Lado re - opened the war again with Britain , the 3 years war , ( 1948 - 1951 ) . The British conservative Government under the wise old man Prime Minister Winston .S .Churchhill in 1951 stopped the war and favoured a
thoughtful approach to Independence for Lado . The Governor for Lado affairs by then was Major General Sir John Hall .
1952 : Lado Envoy Extraordinary Atamva John Bart Agami who today is the present AGOFE / KING of Lado was sent with assistance of Egypt - President Colonel Abdel Nasser to USSR to meet the Secretary General Marshal Joseph Stalin as Lado situation was precipitating following the British attitude towards Lado . This time the USSR took a side for Lado .
1953 : Another yet , Keego / Prime Minister of Lado was assassinated by the British to change the political cause of Lado . In this particular moment , Lado had rejected the
British intention of creating an East African Federation as Lado a part of it .
1953 : Once again this time , the Lado Envoy Extraordinary Atamva John Bart Agami was sent with the assistance of Ethiopia - Emperor Haile Selassie Tafari Makonnen to meet Prime Minister , Wiston . S . Church hill , in Malta .
1954 : Nile Bridge talks - between Lado Envoy Extraordinary and Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II took place in Uganda . It was agreed that Lado would be independent in 1960 / 1961
1956 : A conference was held in Arua which included , Congo's first Prime Minister , Mr Patrick Lumumba on the question of Lado and its Peoples Rights to Self - determination and on the question of the Nile waters . ( cf .Nile Waters Agreement of 1929 and Nile Waters Utilization Agreement of 8th November . 1959 ) .
1957 : The Representative of Lado Atamva ( Mr ) , Ringe afterwards was assassinated . Atamva Ringe is an Alur of Luo tribe in Lado.
1958 : General Elections of March 1958 were held to determine the independence of Lado and the future Prime Minister after Decolonisation . Atamva Gaspero ( a Lugbari
tribe ) won the elections amongst all the candidates of the 29 tribes of Lado .
1960 : The Agofe of Lado in the untimely natural death KARANGA / GENERAL - ANACIA BOROA , O M died of whose death the British properly took advantage for the independence of Lado as promised by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II .
1962 : In 1962 , Uganda received her independence from Britain but on the Political grounds , the Lado leader was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment by the British Authority in Uganda . He was and is the living physical person today of the Agofe of Lado who fortunately was released by his military personel of which he was the commandant of the army in Uganda under the Supeme Command of Her Majesty ..
1962 : Uganda got its independence but remains till todate under the Supreme Authority of the Crown of Britain ( c f Implications of the British commomwealth ) , Uganda offers a suitable base for attacks on Lado .
1967 : A new political constitution after being draughted in 1966 was passed in Uganda Parliament , without allowing a debate on it in 1967 . ( intention was to hide the knowledge that Lado is a seperate State from Uganda since 1892 . ) .
1971 : Uganda ' s plot for the extermination came into picture in 1971 of the 1967 master plan to finalise but failed in carrying it out in January 1971 . The result came out of the over throw of the President of Uganda Mr Apollo Milton Obote ( a Luo trbe of Uganda State . ) . And by the Military hierachy Major General Idi Amin ( a Sudanic - Kakua by tribe from Lado ) took over the State Affairs of Uganda on 25th January 1971 ) . In the re - orgainsation of the State of Uganda General Idi Amin thought it wise to take back the Sovereignity of Uganda to view the Uganda - Lado relations This became a big blow defeat for the British . The Sudaic people in Uganda and Lado finally had to be wiped off completly in a war to be
declared over Lado and her people
1975 : London Agreement of 1975 was reached . It was worked out in Lusaka in Zambia between Uganda and Britain , inclulding other commonwealth countries to fight the Sudanic tribes of the State of Lado
1979 : In March 1979 , the Uganda Ethnic groups ( Bantu , Nilotics / Luo and Nilo hamatics and of Tanzania and other Africans held " Moshi Confrence " in Tanzania , finally to impliment the London Agreement of 1975 .
1978 / 9 : War was declared on Lado and its people ( predominately Sudanic race ) from 6th October 1978 to April 1979 , whereby 250, 000 soldiers were assembled from all over the world especially from the British Commonwealth Countries and from the Political allies of Britain . In the diplomatc channel it was Denmark , a strong British ally who undertook running the diplomatic machinary to impliment the war and was the one who raised the issue in the United Nations under the cover that the war in Uganda was necessary to over throw the World ' s worst dictator ever known , General Idi Amin . General Idi Amin is a Kakua - Sudanic tribe in Lado . After the over throw of Idi Amin , the coming true President of Uganda Mr, Yusuf Lule said " the Nile is betwwen us " , confirming the existence of the two States : i.e Lado ( since 1892 ) and Uganda ( since 1894 ) .
1980 / 1 : From 1979 to 1981 massive massacres of the Sudanics in the Southern Lado , in Uganda and in other East African Countries inclulding total destruction of Properties in this part of Lado ( both Private and Public properties ) was carried out in order to occupy Lado land ( cf ; Uganda plans of 1967 and Uganda decree of 12 May 1980 , Art. 5 and Art. 10 ) , This was done with full cooperation of Tanzania . .
Citizens of Lado are being chased up and down and from one corner of Lado to another corner of their own land and within their own Mother land betwwen State of Uganda , State of Sudan and State of Zaire / D R Congo .
In 1955 the North Ladoans ( refered to as Southern Sudan people ) were chased ,
In 1960 West Ladoans ( refered to as North East of D R Congo ) were chased
In 1978 / 79 the South Ladoans ( refered to as West - Nile / or incooperate of late as region of North Uganda ) were chased .
This is the very root of the Sudanic people of Lado to see and they can not go on living as Refugees , Displaced Persons and Stateless Persons . By this very virtue , the citizens of Lado risk the danger of becoming and be permenent International Slaves and Labourers of their Enemies . To this effect or this way , in 1987 , the Lado Provisional Government is formed and is adhering to and for the Decolonisation of Lado and to bring Lado back on the
World map as before with the assistance of the United Nations Organisation through the peaceful means ( article 1 and article 73 of the U N charter ) and may God assist Lado for this case
Lado existed and still exists , may be till todate as one of the Worlds Oldest State - Kingdoms . Britain on her part and as part of the United Kingdom of Britain and Northern
Ireland can not close her eyes on the know - how , Kingdoms come about in this World as a matter of facts of a social way of living to choose to live in harmorny by different social entities of people of the world .
LADO FOREIGN POLICY :
1 - The Principle of Neutrality is the Main Stream of the Lado Foreign Policy since from 687 b.c and till todate in its revised form of the yet un writen constitution of 9th May 1772 where Lado was assisted by Jesuits activits in Ladoland .
2 - All the countries who for one reason or another Assist or Cooperate with Lado Politically and Economically shall be treated with due regard to their interests .
3 - In the Lado Foreign Policy , Religious Respect is within thev Law of the State of Lado .
LADO EXTERNAL RELATIONS SINCE FROM :
1711 : Catholic Mission was founded in Ladoland by the Franciscan Fathers , from Austria , during the Papacy of Pope Clement XI ( cf : by Pope Pius II , 1452 )
1846 :The Holy See Decree of 26th January 1846 for the creation of Vicariate of Central Africa of which the Ladoland is the Heart . ( Pope Gregory XVI ) .
1867 : Italian Missionaries in Lado . They replaced the Austrian Fathers in Lado .
1899 : The Treaty of Arua - Aru between Lugbara ( Lado ) and Russia ( USSR ) in December 1899 ( For friendly Cooperation ) During Nicholas II .
1909 : Treaty of Dufile ( dufule ) between Lado and U S A ( For Cooperation ) . During the period of President . Theodore Roosevelt ( New York )
1958 : . The creation of Diocese of Arua by the Holy See Decree of 23 June 1958 ( Pope Pius XII ) 500 years since Pope Pius II opened up in 1458 .
FOOT NOTE ON LADO STATE 1800 1926 ( by Colonel J B Agami . M C / 1962 ( Military Council ) .
1 ) The Lado was founded in 10th Centuary and developed through the 11th and 12th Centuary into its present features and forms
2 ) 13th and 14th Centuaries was the period of Re - organisation of the Region ( Central Africa ) based on the Tribal Philosophy in order to ensure a proper care and abetter social services to the people .
3 ) 1500 - 1700 AD was a critical moment because this was the period of Slave trade in Africa and it was at its highest peak .The Lado citizens moved from pacific and passive to defensive policy . And this led to strong defence orgainisation for self - defence - military
institutions which became a priority and ever man was trained to fight . Every wommen to be trained a physician and a diplomat .
4 ) 1700 - 1840 was a period of progress .
5 ) 1840 - 1940 Lado and Europe ----------
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